Argued: January 29, 2019
from the United States District Court for the Western
District of Virginia, at Harrisonburg. Michael F. Urbanski,
Chief District Judge. (5:13-cr-00002-MFU-1)
M. Lorish, OFFICE OF THE FEDERAL PUBLIC DEFENDER,
Charlottesville, Virginia, for Appellant.
Grayson A. Hoffman, OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES ATTORNEY,
Harrisonburg, Virginia, for Appellee.
Frederick T. Heblich, Jr., Interim Federal Public Defender,
OFFICE OF THE FEDERAL PUBLIC DEFENDER, Roanoke, Virginia, for
T. Cullen, United States Attorney, OFFICE OF THE UNITED
STATES ATTORNEY, Roanoke, Virginia, for Appellee.
THACKER and RICHARDSON, Circuit Judges, and TRAXLER, Senior
TRAXLER, SENIOR CIRCUIT JUDGE:
on statements made by Joshua Wayne Riley to his probation
officer, the district court determined that Riley violated
the conditions of his supervised release and sentenced Riley
to twenty months' imprisonment. Riley appeals, arguing
that the use of his statements violated the Fifth Amendment
and that, absent corroboration, the court erred by finding
his statements sufficient to establish the violations. We
find no reversible error and therefore affirm the judgment of
the district court.
was convicted on federal drug-related charges in 2013. He was
released from prison in 2016 and began serving a five-year
term of supervised release. Although Riley tested positive
for methamphetamine several times between March 2017 and
February 2018, his probation officer did not seek revocation
of his supervised release.
March 16, 2018, Riley was stopped for a traffic infraction by
local law enforcement officers, who found methamphetamine
while searching Riley's car. He was charged by the state
with possession of a controlled substance. Riley's
federal probation officer thereafter petitioned the district
court for an arrest warrant, alleging that Riley violated the
terms of his supervised release by being arrested and by