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Bank of America, N.A. v. Jericho Baptist Church Ministries, Inc.

United States District Court, D. Maryland

November 6, 2018

BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., Plaintiff,


          Paula Xinis, United States District Judge

         Pending before the Court is Jericho Baptist Church Ministries, Inc.'s (“Jericho DC”) motion to reconsider this Court's order granting Bank of America, N.A.'s (“Bank of America”) motion to compel. ECF No. 158. Also pending is Bank of America's motion for reasonable attorneys' fees and costs. ECF No. 161. The issues have been fully briefed and no hearing is necessary. See D. Md. Loc. R. 105.6. Upon consideration of the parties' briefing and the evidence in the record, the Court DENIES Jericho DC's motion to reconsider and GRANTS Bank of America's motion for attorneys' fees.

         I. Background

         This case concerns a longstanding dispute over the control and governance of Jericho Baptist Church Ministries, Inc., located in Landover, Prince George's County, Maryland. The case began when Bank of America filed an interpleader action seeking judgment as to which of two competing church factions, Jericho DC or Jericho MD, lawfully retained control of four deposit accounts with collective assets of approximately $7, 755, 199. ECF No. 1 ¶¶1, 3. On September 9, 2016, the Court granted summary judgment in Jericho DC's favor. ECF No. 86. Jericho DC had also filed counterclaims for breach of contract, negligence, and gross negligence which are currently pending before the Court. ECF No. 48.

         Discovery on the counterclaims has been protracted and, in the Court's view, unnecessarily complicated. On February 6, 2018, Bank of America moved to compel deficient discovery responses, contending that certain interrogatory responses related to Jericho DC's breach of contract claim and requested damages were insufficient, Jericho DC's interrogatory objections were unfounded, and that Jericho DC's expert disclosures did not comport with the requirements of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26. ECF No. 150. After a recorded discovery conference, the Court granted the motion to compel, and ordered Jericho DC to produce the remaining outstanding discovery by March 2, 2018. ECF No. 153. In light of the prolonged discovery disputes generated largely by Jericho DC's deficiencies, the Court also permitted Bank of America to file a motion for attorneys' fees associated with prosecuting the motion to compel. ECF No. 153.

         Jericho DC now urges the Court to reconsider the Court's order compelling production of discovery, arguing that it dutifully responded to Bank of America and that the discovery issues were substantially resolved in advance of the Court's ruling. ECF No. 158. Bank of America opposes the motion, and separately moves for attorneys' fees and costs in the amount of $13, 577.50. ECF No. 161. Each motion is addressed in turn.

         II. Standard of Review

          Jericho DC moves for reconsideration pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b), which allows a court to relieve a party “from a final judgment, order, or proceeding for . . . mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect.” However, as Bank of America points out, this rule only applies to final orders. See Beyond Sys., Inc. v. Kraft Foods, Inc., No. PJM-08- 409, 2010 WL 3059344, at *1 (D. Md. Aug. 4, 2010) (“Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b) does not apply to interlocutory orders.”); In re Pawlak, 520 B.R. 177, 182 (D. Md. 2014) (noting that an order compelling a party to respond to discovery requests is “interlocutory in nature”); Berrios v. Shin, 700 Fed.Appx. 222, 223 (4th Cir. 2017) (holding that an order granting attorneys' fees is not a final order unless it resolves all claims as to all parties). “Instead, reconsideration of an interlocutory order is within the plenary powers of the Court and can be made ‘as justice requires.'” Beyond Sys., 2010 WL 3059344, at *1 (quoting 7 James Wm. Moore et al., Moore's Federal Practice ¶ 60.20 (2d ed.1966)). In this posture, the Court may reconsider an interlocutory order only to address: “(1) a change in controlling law; (2) the availability of new evidence; or (3) the need to correct a clear error or prevent manifest injustice.” Id. at 2 (citing Potter v. Potter, 199 F.R.D. 550, 552 n.1 (D. Md. 2001)). The Court may not be asked simply “to rethink what the Court had already thought through-rightly or wrongly.” Potter, 199 F.R.D. at 552 (quoting Above the Belt, Inc. v. Mel Bohannan Roofing, Inc., 99 F.R.D. 99, 101 (E.D. Va. 1983)).

         III. Analysis

         A. Reconsideration of the Motion to Compel

          Jericho DC contends that the Court should reconsider its Order because the discovery issues were resolved prior to the hearing on the matter. Jericho DC more particularly contends that Jericho DC misunderstood when to respond to Bank of America's motion to compel, and consequently did not reply in writing prior to the February 23 discovery conference. Jericho DC attaches as an exhibit a letter sent to Bank of America on February 23, 2018, (“the Discovery Letter”) replying to Bank of America's February 6, 2018, motion to compel. ECF 158-1. Were the Court in receipt of the Discovery Letter at the time of the telephone conference, however, the motion to compel would nonetheless have been granted, for the Letter does not resolve the discovery deficiencies detailed in the motion. Moreover, these issues were not new to Jericho DC and Jericho DC was afforded an on-the-record opportunity to address the deficiencies at the February 23rd hearing. Bank of America first brought this discovery dispute to the Court's attention in November of 2017. ECF No. 140. The Court then conducted a recorded discovery conference on November 30, 2017, (ECF No. 143) to address these issues and at that time ordered the parties to resolve their discovery dispute and submit a joint status report by December 22, 2017. ECF No. 144. Jericho DC failed to comply with the Court's directive, and so Bank of America raised again the deficiencies that became the subject of the February 23, 2018, conference. This argument, therefore, is unavailing.

         Jericho DC next contends that the expert report of Susan Riley was not deficient, and so the Court should reconsider its order requiring supplemental or amended expert reports. The central discovery dispute regarding Riley, however, was Jericho DC's failure to provide the basis for Riley's opinion and identify the documents on which Riley relied. See, e.g., ECF Nos. 140-1 at 8, 140-2 at 2, 140-3. In this respect, the Court cannot comprehend Jericho DC's current contention that “[t]he validity and substantive quality of Ms. Riley's report is . . . not a valid discovery issue, ” ECF No. 158 at 8. It is, indeed, at the heart of the parties' protracted discovery dispute.

         Finally, Jericho DC asserts that reconsideration is warranted because its interrogatory responses “were appropriate and responsive.” ECF No. 158 at 8. This contention amounts to an invitation for this Court to simply revisit the issue, this time in Jericho DC's favor. Setting aside the impropriety of using a motion to reconsider as a motion to “rethink” a prior ruling, the Court cannot ignore Jericho DC's repeated failure to respond sufficiently to Interrogatory Nos. 5, 6, 8, 9 and 15. The Court will not revisit its prior decisions in that respect. Accordingly, the motion for reconsideration will be denied.

         B. Motion for ...

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