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Flores v. State

United States District Court, D. Maryland

July 31, 2018

JORGE FLORES, Petitioner,



         THIS MATTER is before the Court on Petitioner Jorge Flores' Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus. (ECF No. 1). Also pending are Petitioner's Motions to Appoint Counsel and for Discovery. (ECF Nos. 3, 8). For the reasons that follow, the Petition shall be dismissed and Petitioner's motions denied.

         I. BACKGROUND

         Petitioner was convicted of first-degree murder, conspiracy to commit murder, and unlawful possession of a firearm in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia. (Pet. at 2, ECF No. 1). He was sentenced to serve a term of life in prison. (Id.). On February 23, 2016, he states he was transferred from Allenwood Federal Correctional Institution, a Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) facility in White Deer, Pennsylvania, to North Branch Correctional Institution (NBCI) in Cumberland, Maryland. (Pet. Statement of Claim at 1, ECF No. 1-1). He was later transferred to Western Correctional Institution (WCI) also located in Cumberland, Maryland. (Id.). Flores states that he protested the transfer because he is “a federal prisoner . . . under federal jurisdiction and not state jurisdiction.” (Id.). When Flores requested a transfer back to a BOP facility, his request was denied. (Id.). He alleges that the denial of his request means that he has been illegally kidnapped by a State agency. (Id.). As relief, he requests a transfer back to a federal facility. (Id.).

         In his Supplement to the Petition, Flores claims that he is “forced as a Federal prisoner to rely on Maryland State authorities . . . to provide him with adequate health care which they . . . refuse to do.” (Suppl. at 2, ECF No. 4). He states he is a Mexican national and is barely able to speak, read, or write the English language, but WCI has no translators or staff to aid him with this litigation. (Id.). Flores relies on another inmate, John Fishback, for assistance with writing and filing pleadings. (Id.). Flores names defendants who are medical care providers at WCI and claims they have failed to provide him with treatment for a worsening hernia. (Id. at 3-5). As relief, he seeks monetary damages. (Id. at 6).

         In their Answer, Respondents assert that the Petition should be dismissed both because Flores has not exhausted his state remedies with regard to his transfer of custody claim and because the petition is without merit. Respondents rely in part on a prior decision by this Court regarding an identical claim raised by Flores which was summarily dismissed without requiring an Answer. See Flores v. Moyer, Civil Action GLR-18-10 (D.Md. 2018). Flores did not file an appeal of that dismissal. With regard to Flores's supplemental pleading raising claims regarding his medical care, Respondents do not provide a response because it concerns an entirely different matter and is in the nature of a civil rights claim filed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983.


         A. Motions for Discovery and for Appointment of Counsel

         In his Motion for Discovery (ECF No. 8), Flores asserts in an affidavit that he requires 120 days to conduct discovery so that he can learn the identity of the three correctional officers responsible for transporting him across state lines and to depose those officers. He also seeks to obtain regulations, policies, and procedural guidelines relevant to his claims. The evidence cited as a goal for Flores's discovery request is not relevant to the resolution of the claim asserted and will therefore be denied.

         This pleading also reiterates the grounds for Flores's Motion for Appointment of Counsel (ECF No. 3) which he claims is necessary because he is unfamiliar with the English language and the nature of this litigation is complex.

         A federal district court judge's power to appoint counsel under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1), [1] is a discretionary one, and may be considered where an indigent claimant presents exceptional circumstances. See Cook v. Bounds, 518 F.2d 779 (4th Cir. 1975); Branch v. Cole, 686 F.2d 264 (5th Cir. 1982). There is no absolute right to appointment of counsel; an indigent claimant must present “exceptional circumstances.” Miller v. Simmons, 814 F.2d 962, 966 (4th Cir. 1987). Exceptional circumstances exist where a “pro se litigant has a colorable claim but lacks the capacity to present it.” Whisenant v. Yuam, 739 F.2d 160, 163 (4th Cir. 1984), abrogated on other grounds by Mallard v. U.S. Dist. Ct., 490 U.S. 296, 298 (1989) (holding that 28 U.S.C. § 1915 does not authorize compulsory appointment of counsel).

         Here, included with the Motion for Discovery are two pages which appear to be a personal letter, presumably from Fishback to Flores, indicating that preparing pleadings for Flores is difficult and vaguely referencing payment for the work he has done for Flores. Notably the letter, addressed to Flores, is written in English. The issues pending before the Court are not unduly complicated. Therefore, there are no exceptional circumstances that would warrant the appointment of an attorney to represent Plaintiff under § 1915(e)(1). Thus, the Motion for Appointment of Counsel will also be denied.

         B. Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus

         1. ...

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