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Van Rossum v. Baltimore County

United States District Court, D. Maryland

September 26, 2017




         Diane K. Van Rossum (“Plaintiff”) filed suit against her former employer, Baltimore County, Maryland (the “County” or “Defendant”), claiming that the Defendant, through its agents, violated provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”) of 1990, as amended, 42 U.S.C. §§ 12101 et seq. Following a jury trial and judgment in favor of the Plaintiff on all counts, Plaintiff moves for attorneys' fees, expenses, and costs. See ECF No. 130. The issues have been briefed, ECF Nos. 130-1, 147, 151, and no hearing is required. See Loc. R. 105.6 (D. Md. 2016). For reasons explained below, Plaintiff's motion will be granted.


         Plaintiff brought her ADA Complaint against Defendant in January of 2014. ECF No. 1. Following a jury trial held from January 23, 2017 through January 30, 2017, the jury returned a verdict in favor of the Plaintiff and found that the Defendant violated provisions of the ADA concerning physical ailments Plaintiff suffered from while working in her assigned workspace in early 2010.[1] See ECF No. 126. The jury found that 1) Defendant failed to provide Plaintiff with a reasonable accommodation under the ADA, 2) Defendant discriminated against Plaintiff because of her disability, and 3) Defendant retaliated against Plaintiff because of her protected activity of seeking accommodation. Id. The jury awarded Plaintiff $250, 000 in compensatory damages and $530, 053 in economic damages. Id. This verdict provided Plaintiff with the full amount of back pay requested and nearly the maximum amount of non-economic damages permitted by law. See 42 U.S.C. § 1981a(b)(3). Between filing the initial Complaint and return of the jury's verdict, the parties briefed a number of issues for the Court. See, e.g., ECF No. 27 (order granting Defendant's motion for voluntary dismissal of motion to dismiss) and ECF No. 63 (order denying Defendant's motion for summary judgment).[2]


         Under section 505 of the ADA, “[i]n any action or administrative proceeding commenced pursuant to this chapter, the court or agency, in its discretion, may allow the prevailing party, other than the United States, a reasonable attorney's fee. . . .” 42 U.S.C. § 12205. Plaintiff obtained a favorable judgment on all counts, ECF No. 129, and Defendant does not contest Plaintiff's entitlement to recovery of a reasonable attorney's fee, ECF No. 147 at 11.[3] The amount of the fee to be awarded is a fact-bound inquiry, and the trial court has broad discretion in deciding what fees and costs are appropriate. See Hensley v. Eckerhardt, 461 U.S. 424, 433 (1983). A plaintiff entitled to attorneys' fees under civil-rights fee provisions are also entitled to recover reasonable litigation expenses. Daly v. Hill, 790 F.2d 1071, 1084 (4th Cir. 1986).

         The most useful starting point for establishing the proper amount of an award is the “lodestar, ” or “the number of hours reasonably expended, multiplied by a reasonable hourly rate.” Id.; see also Rum Creek Coal Sales, Inc. v. Caperton, 31 F.3d 169, 174 (4th Cir. 1994). The court must adjust the number of hours to delete duplicative or unrelated hours, and the number of hours must be reasonable and represent the product of “billing judgment.” Rum Creek, 31 F.3d. at 175 (citing Hensley, 461 U.S. at 437). “When the plaintiff prevails on only some of the claims, the number of hours may be adjusted downward; but where full relief is obtained, the plaintiff's attorney should receive a fully compensatory fee and in cases of exceptional success, even an enhancement.” Id. at 174-75 (internal citations omitted).

         In assessing the overall reasonableness of the lodestar, the court may also consider the twelve factors set forth in Johnson v. Georgia Highway Express, Inc., 488 F.2d 714, 717-19 (5th Cir. 1974) (“the Johnson factors”), specifically: (1) the time and labor required; (2) the novelty and difficulty of the questions raised; (3) the skill requisite to perform the legal services properly; (4) the preclusion of employment by the attorney due to acceptance of the case; (5) the customary fee; (6) whether the fee is fixed or contingent; (7) time limitations imposed by the client or the circumstances; (8) the amount involved and the results obtained; (9) the experience, reputation, and ability of the attorneys; (10) the undesirability of the case; (11) the nature and length of the professional relationship between the attorney and the client; and (12) attorney's fee awards in similar cases. See Rum Creek, 31 F.3d at 175.

         These factors, however, “usually are subsumed within the initial calculation of hours reasonably expended at a reasonable hourly rate, [i.e., the lodestar].” Randle v. H & P Capital, Inc., 513 Fed.Appx. 282, 283-84 (4th Cir. 2013) (quoting Hensley, 461 U.S. at 434 n.9). The court is to consider all twelve factors, but “need not robotically list each factor or comment on those factors that do not apply.” Dodeka, L.L.C. v. AmrolDavis, No. 7:10-CV-17-D, 2010 WL 3239117, at *2 (E.D. N.C. Aug. 16, 2010). However, the fee applicant bears the burden of properly documenting the hours reasonably expended. Hensley, 461 U.S. at 437.


         Plaintiff was represented by attorneys from Kirkland & Ellis LLP and the Washington Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights and Urban Affairs. Plaintiff seeks 1, 726.10 hours of attorney and paralegal time at rates commensurate with each biller's years of experience as published in Appendix B to the Local Rules. See ECF No. 130-1 at 9 (providing a tabulation of hours for each phase of litigation) and 11 (providing the rate sought for each individual biller); see also ECF No. 130-2 (providing detailed time entries and proof of expenses for Kirkland & Ellis LLP); ECF No. 130-3 (providing detailed time entries and proof of expenses for Washington Lawyers' Committee). Plaintiff documented the hours expended by each individual for each phase of litigation as required by Appendix B.1(b)(1)-(x). Specifically, Plaintiff reported the hours under the following litigation phases: Case Development; Pleadings; Written Discovery; Motions Practice; Attending Court Hearings; Trial Preparation; Attending Trial; ADR; and Fee Petition. Plaintiff alleges that the hours, and associated rates, were reasonably expended and result in a lodestar calculation of $487, 616.25 in attorneys' fees and $32, 472.30 in non-taxable litigation expenses. ECF No. 130-1 at 6; see also ECF Nos. 130-1 and 130-2 (providing declarations from lead counsel that the hours and rates charged were reasonably expended).

         As an initial matter, Defendant does not object to the billing rates sought or litigation expenses incurred. Indeed, rates published in Appendix B are presumptively reasonable, see Life Techs. Corp. v. Life Techs. Corp., No. RWT-10-3527, 2012 WL 4748080, at *2 (D. Md. Oct. 2, 2012), and Plaintiff set forth an itemized list of costs for reimbursable expenses as described in Appendix B.4. Therefore, the Court must only determine if the amount of hours incurred was reasonable. Two of the Johnson factors are particularly instructive.

         First, the time and labor required was reasonable. The litigation was complex, involving lengthy discovery, assessment of Plaintiff's medical conditions by a number of experts, and evaluation of a convoluted administrative record encompassing a series of requests for accommodation made to Defendant and disability determinations made by the Social Security Administration. A review of the time records provided by Plaintiff do not indicate that the individual billers charged time for administrative tasks or for excessive, redundant, or otherwise unnecessary tasks that they could not charge to a paying client. See Hensley, 461 U.S. at 434 (“[h]ours that are not properly billed to one's client also are not properly billed to one's adversary”).[4] Moreover, during the course of litigation, Plaintiff has not raised frivolous arguments or needlessly extended the length of its briefs to re-litigate previously-resolved issues. See Perry v. Bartlet, 231 F.3d 155, 164 (4th Cir. 2000) (upholding denial of fees for hours spent briefing a motion when the brief re-litigated an issue already substantially briefed).

         Second, Plaintiff obtained a substantial judgment and complete relief on her claims. See Ford v. Rigidply Rafters, Inc. 999 F.Supp. 647, 651 (D. Md. 1998) (quoting Hensley, 481 U.S. at 436) (“The Supreme Court has characterized the degree of success obtained as ‘the most critical factor' in determining the reasonableness of an award of attorney's fees.”). As noted by Plaintiff, and uncontested by Defendant, Plaintiff's award appears to be the tenth largest civil jury verdict in this Court in the last five years. ECF No. 130-1 at 9 n.1. While it may be unreasonable for a plaintiff to recover ...

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