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Goode v. Commissioner, Social Security Administration

United States District Court, D. Maryland

September 18, 2017




         Pursuant to Standing Order 2014-01, the above-referenced case was referred to me to review the pending dispositive motion and to make recommendations pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 63');">36(b) and Local Rule 3');">301.5(b)(ix). Plaintiff Veronica Goode filed this action under the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), seeking review of the denial of her Social Security disability claim by Defendant Social Security Administration (“the Commissioner”). [ECF No. 1]. The Commissioner has filed a motion to dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1), on the grounds that Ms. Goode failed to exhaust her administrative remedies. [ECF No. 8]. I have reviewed that motion and Ms. Goode&#3');">39');">9;s opposition. [ECF No. 9');">9]. No hearing is deemed necessary. See Local Rule 105.6 (D. Md. 2016). For the reasons stated below, I recommend that the Commissioner&#3');">39');">9;s motion to dismiss be denied.

         I. BACKGROUND

         In September, 2011, Ms. Goode filed a claim for Disability Insurance Benefits (“DIB”). [ECF No. 8-3');">3, p. 2');">p. 2]. Ms. Goode&#3');">39');">9;s claim was denied initially and on reconsideration. Id. at pp. 2');">p. 2-3');">3. A hearing was held on September 16, 2015, before an Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”). Id. at p. 19');">9. Following the hearing, on November 3');">3, 2015, the ALJ issued a partially favorable decision finding that Ms. Goode became disabled on September 16, 2014, but determining that she was not disabled prior to that date. Id. at pp. 19');">9-27.

         On February 7, 2017, the Appeals Council (the “AC”) granted Plaintiff&#3');">39');">9;s request for review, and notified Ms. Goode of its intention to “correct the November 10, 2015 decision to clarify that its findings apply to the period beginning April 22, 2011[.]” Id. at p. 3');">34. Additionally, in that notice, the AC permitted Ms. Goode to send further “evidence or a statement about the facts and the law in [her] case within 3');">30 days[.]” Id. at p. 3');">35. Instead, on March 28, 2017, Ms. Goode filed her appeal in this Court. [ECF No. 1]. Subsequently, on May 10, 2017, the AC issued its final decision. [ECF No. 8-3');">3, p. 3');">3]. After seeking an extension of time, to which Ms. Goode consented, the Commissioner filed the instant motion to dismiss on July 19');">9, 2017. [ECF No. 8].


         Motions to dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction are governed by Fed.R.Civ.p. 12(b)(1). While the plaintiff bears the burden of proving that the court has jurisdiction over the claim or controversy at issue, a 12(b)(1) motion should be granted only if the “material jurisdictional facts are not in dispute and the moving party is entitled to prevail as a matter of law.” Ferdinand-Davenport v. Children&#3');">39');">9;s Guild, 742 F.Supp.2d 772, 777 (D. Md. 2010); see also Evans v. B.F. Perkins Co., a Div. of Standex Int&#3');">39');">9;l Corp., 3');">3d 642');">166 F.3');">3d 642, 647 (4th Cir. 19');">99');">99');">9). In a motion to dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction, the pleadings should be regarded as “mere evidence on the issue, ” and courts may “consider evidence outside the pleadings without converting the proceeding to one for summary judgment.” Evans, 166 F.3');">3d at 647.

         III. ANALYSIS

         The Commissioner argues that this Court does not have jurisdiction over Ms. Goode&#3');">39');">9;s claim because she failed to exhaust her administrative remedies and is not appealing from a final order. [ECF No. 8, pp. 1-8]. Specifically, the Commissioner contends that Ms. Goode prematurely filed her complaint after the AC issued a notice of its proposed findings, which “did not grant [Ms. Goode] court rights” and “was not a final decision.” [ECF No. 8-3');">3, p. 3');">3]. Ms. Goode concedes that she untimely filed her complaint. [ECF No. 9');">9, p. 1] (noting that, “in reviewing the Notice of Appeals Council Action, . . . [she] mistakenly presumed that the [AC&#3');">39');">9;s] proposed findings were final and filed the instant appeal”). However, she contends that good cause exists to extend the filing deadline, and that, therefore, the Commissioner&#3');">39');">9;s motion to dismiss should be denied. Id. at pp. 1-2.

         42 U.S.C. § 405(g), the statute on which the Commissioner bases her motion, provides, in pertinent part:

Any individual, after any final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security made after a hearing to which he was a party, irrespective of the amount in controversy, may obtain a review of such decision by a civil action commenced within sixty days after the mailing to him of notice of such decision or within such further time as the Commissioner of Social Security may allow.

42 U.S.C. § 405(g). “[T]he provision of section 405(g) requiring a claimant to commence a civil action for judicial review within 60 days of a final decision is a period of limitation subject to equitable tolling.” Hyatt v. Heckler, 3');">376');">807 F.2d 3');">376, 3');">378 (4th Cir. 19');">986) (citation omitted). A late filing, therefore, may be excused “where the equities in favor of tolling the limitations period are so great that deference to the [A]gency&#3');">39');">9;s judgment is inappropriate.” Bowen v. City of New York, 476 U.S. 467, 480 (19');">986).

         Where a party moves to toll the filing period after the deadline has passed, Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 6 provides that, “the court may, for good cause, extend the time…if the party failed to act because of excusable neglect.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 6(b)(1)(B). “Whether neglect is ‘excusable&#3');">39');">9; has been described by the Supreme Court as ‘at bottom an equitable [inquiry], taking account of all relevant circumstances, &#3');">39');">9; including the following: (1) the danger of prejudice to the non-movant; (2) the length of the delay and its potential impact on judicial proceedings; (3');">3) the reason for the delay, including whether it was in the reasonable control of the movant; and (4) whether the movant acted in good faith.” Fernandes v. Craine, 53');">38 F. App&#3');">39');">9;x 274, 276 (4th Cir. 2013');">3) (quoting Pioneer Inv. Servs. Co. v. Brunswick Assocs. Ltd. P&#3');">39');">9;ship, 3');">380');">507 U.S. 3');">380, 3');">39');">95 (19');">99');">93');">3)). The Fourth Circuit has “stressed that the third Pioneer factor-the reason for the delay-is the ‘most important.&#3');">39');">9;” Id. (citing Thompson v. E.I. DuPont de Nemours & Co., 76 F.3');">3d 53');">30, 53');">34 (4th Cir. 19');">99');">96)).

         Weighing these factors, Ms. Goode has demonstrated excusable neglect, and good cause exists to extend the filing deadline. Although Ms. Goode prematurely filed her complaint, the Commissioner denied Ms. Goode the chance to cure her mistake by seeking an extension of time to file a “pre-Answer motion” that ran beyond Ms. Goode&#3');">39');">9;s 60-day limitations period. [ECF No. 6]; see [ECF No. 7]. Ms. Goode&#3');">39');">9;s motion had to be filed by July 10, 2017, and the Commissioner&#3');">39');">9;s extension allowed her to wait to file the full motion to dismiss until July 19');">9, 2017. Additionally, the Commissioner&#3');">39');">9;s request for an extension was untimely filed more than two weeks after the deadline, which further impaired Ms. Goode&#3');">39');">9;s ability to cure her premature complaint within the filing period.[1]Id.Thus, while the Commissioner may not have intentionally misled Ms. Goode, and has no responsibility to ensure Ms. Goode&#3');">39');">9;s conformity with the limitations period, “the delay in [filing her motion to dismiss] plainly contributed ...

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