United States District Court, D. Maryland
Lipton Hollander United States District Judge
April 22, 2016, Michael Vogrin, plaintiff, filed suit in the
Circuit Court for Baltimore City against defendant Kareema
Pinder, alleging breach of contract and negligence. ECF 2
(Complaint); ECF 4 (Amended Complaint). Pinder, who is
self-represented, removed the case to this Court on February
8, 2017. ECF 1. As grounds for jurisdiction, Pinder asserts,
inter alia, federal question jurisdiction under 28
U.S.C. S 1331 and supplemental jurisdiction under 28
U.S.C.§1367. Id. at 1.
reasons stated below, this Court lacks subject matter
jurisdiction. Therefore, I shall remand the case to the
Circuit Court for Baltimore City.
Factual and Procedural Background 
resides in Harford County, Maryland. ECF 4 ~ 3. Pinder
resides in Baltimore City. Id.¶ 4.
25, 2012, Pinder entered in a residential apartment lease
(the "Lease") with Vogrin to rent "a parcel of
land with improvemenss known as 3603 Rexmere Road, Baltimore,
Maryland 21218" ("Premises"), "at the
rate of$1, 195.00 per month." Id.¶ 5. The
Lease was for a term of seven months, beginning on June 1,
2012. Id.¶ 6. However, the Lease provided that
if the tenant remained on the property beyond the term of the
lease, the tenant would have a month-to-month tenancy.
the Lease provided for payment of rent on the first day of
each month. Id.¶ 5. And, if the rent payment
was not timely received, the tenant would be assessed 5% of
the unpaid rent amount. Id. ~ 7. Rent that was more
than five days late would earn interest at the rate of 1.5%
per month. Id. The Lease provided a $25.00 penalty
for dishonored checks. Id. ~ 8.
the Lease stated that the tenant shall, inter alia,
"comply with all laws and housing, health and police
regulations with respect to said Premises." Id.
¶ 9 (emphasis omitted). Furthermore, the lease included
that tenant "shall indemnify and hold harmless Landlord
for all expenses (including attorney's fees),
liabilities, damages, losses, settlement payments, or fines
incurred . . . ." Id. (emphasis omitted).
Defendant was also responsible for electricity and water
moved into the Premises on June 1, 2012. Id. ¶
13. After seven months, the defendant elected to continue
living at the Premises, as a month-to-month tenant.
Id. On May I, 2013, plaintiff and defendant verbally
agreed to reduce the rent from $1, 195.00 per month to $1,
000 per month. Id. ¶14. Defendant vacated the
Premises at some point in April 2015. Id. ¶ 16.
January 1, 2013 until April 1, 2015, defendant made sporadic
monthly rental payments, with a total of $23, 620.00
remaining due in rent. Id. ¶¶ 18-19. The
Complaint also asserts that defendant owes $1, 181.00 in
penalties for late rent; $24, 801.00 in interest for unpaid
rent; and $100.00 in penalties for four returned rent checks.
Id. ¶¶ 20-22.
Furthermore, defendant failed to pay electric bills and water
bills, leaving a balance due of $4, 779.94 for electric bills
and $1, 530.52 for water bills. Id.¶ 23.
while defendant occupied the Premises, she "failed to
comply with several laws and housing, health, and police
regulations with respect to said Premises", incurring
fines totalling $830.00. Id. ¶ 24. And, because
the fines were not paid in a timely fashion, they became
subject to treble penalties, amounting to $2, 050.00. Id.
Amended Complain,, Vogrin asserts claims for breach of
contract (id ¶¶ 29-33)
and negligence. Id. ¶¶
34-39. The Amended Complaint seeks, inter alia, $50,
000 in damages and attorneys' fees. Id. at 6, 8
noted, Vogrin filed suit in the Circuit Court for Baltimore
City on April 22, 2016. ECF 2. Pinder did not file her Notice
of Removal with this Court until February 8, 2017. ECF