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Lucas v. Lucas

United States District Court, D. Maryland

June 3, 2015

CHRISTINE M. LUCAS Trustee Robert Lucas Family Trust Plaintiff,


PAUL W. GRIMM, District Judge.

Plaintiff, a resident of Cabin John, Maryland, filed this self-represented complaint invoking this Court's 28 U.S.C. § 1331 federal question jurisdiction and citing to civil rights provisions, Article XIII, and "Uniform Trust Law." ECF No. 1. The complaint seemingly challenges an administrative trust and seeks an injunction to enjoin the Circuit Court for Montgomery County from "aiding in the illegal trading" of her Cabin John, Maryland property which is currently for sale based upon an alleged illegal foreclosure action. Id. Plaintiff alleges that her pleadings in the Circuit Court were denied, thus thwarting her ability to allow the liquidation and distribution of her father's trust so that his wishes would be followed and she would inherit properties as he intended. Id. Plaintiff claims that the former trustee of the Trust, Jonnie Lucas, Sr., used the property's assets to obtain loans through misrepresentation, fraud, and breaches of fiduciary responsibility. She further references a number of civil actions filed in the Circuit Court for Montgomery County involving the Trust and foreclosure of the Cabin John property.[1] Id. at 8-13 & 15-18.

Plaintiff is no stranger to this Court. In Lucas v. Bierman, Geesing, Ward, LLC, et al., Civil Action No. DKC-11-161 (D. Md.), Plaintiff sued CitiMortgage and the law firm who was pursuing the foreclosure sale of the Cabin John, Maryland property on CitiMortgage's behalf. The complaint was dismissed on CitiMortgage's motion to dismiss, the Court finding that Plaintiff had failed to set out a federal question and there was no federal subject matter jurisdiction. Id. at ECF Nos. 15 & 16.

On April 23, 2013, Plaintiff again filed suit against CitiMortgage, Inc., collaterally attacking state court orders involving the Cabin John property. See Lucas v. CitiMortgage, Inc., Civil Action No. AW-13-1196 (D. Md.). The complaint was summarily dismissed on May 22, 2013, under the Rooker-Feldman doctrine and claim and issue preclusion. Id. at ECF Nos. 6 & 7. On October 24, 2013, that determination was affirmed on appeal by the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. See Lucas v. CitiMortgage, Inc., 544 F.Appx. 195 (4th Cir. 2013). Plaintiff again filed suit against CitiMortgage, Inc. on March 25, 2014, in Lucas v. CitiMortgage, Inc., Civil Action No. PJM-14-915 (D. Md.), again raising issues regarding the family trust and the fraudulent conduct committed by her brother Jonnie Lucas, Sr. She sought damages under 28 U.S.C. § 1331, 42 U.S.C. § 1982, and Article XIII of the U.S. Constitution. On April 14, 2014, the Court summarily dismissed the case, again invoking the Rooker-Feldman doctrine, claim and issue preclusion, and res judicata. Id. at ECF Nos. 3 & 4. The Fourth Circuit again affirmed the judgment on July 31, 2014. See Lucas v. CitiMortgage, Inc., 5804 F.Appx. 187 (4th Cir. 2014).

This case represents the fourth time Plaintiff has attempted to litigate her issues with the Robert Lucas Family Trust ("Trust"), the foreclosure of the Cabin John property in question, and state court actions in Montgomery County, Maryland. This she may not do.

To the extent that Plaintiff is attempting to collaterally attack state court orders involving the Cabin John property, the Rooker-Feldman doctrine will not permit her to do so. In District of Columbia Court of Appeals v. Feldman, 460 U.S. 462 (1983), and Rooker v. Fidelity Trust Company, 263 U.S. 413 (1923), the Supreme Court formulated a general rule that distinguishes general constitutional challenges to state laws and regulations, over which federal courts have jurisdiction, from requests for review of specific state court decisions, over which they have no jurisdiction. Federal claims that are "inextricably intertwined with" state court decisions in judicial proceedings fall outside of the federal court's jurisdiction. See Feldman, 460 U.S. at 486-87. The Rooker-Feldman doctrine is "confined to cases of the kind from which the doctrine acquired its name: cases brought by state-court losers complaining of injuries caused by state-court judgments rendered before the district court proceedings commenced and inviting district court review and rejection of those judgments." Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Saudi Basic Indus. Corp., 544 U.S. 280, 284; see also Lance v. Dennis, 546 U.S. 459, 460 (2006); Davani v. Va. Dep't of Transp., 434 F.3d 712 (2006). Simply put, the Rooker-Feldman doctrine is a judicially-created doctrine that bars lower federal courts from reviewing certain state court actions. If the source of the alleged injury is the state court decision, then the Rooker-Feldman doctrine will apply to divest the district court of jurisdiction. See Hoblock v. Albany County Bd. of Elections, 422 F.3d 77, 87 (2d Cir. 2005).

Further, consideration of Plaintiff's claims would require me to reconsider prior state court decisions, including orders and judgments determining real property rights. As Plaintiff's allegations are "inextricably intertwined" with decisions of Maryland state courts, the Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction of these claims under Rooker-Feldman. [2] See 28 U.S.C. § 1257. Additionally, any state court decision is entitled to both issue and claim preclusive effect. See 28 U.S.C. § 1738; Migra v. Warren City Sch. Dist. Bd. of Educ., 465 U.S. 75, 84-86 (1984). Federal courts must give the state judgments the same effect as would the courts of the judgment state.[3]

The complaint shall be dismissed. A separate order will issue.

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