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Kimble v. Autrey

United States District Court, D. Maryland

November 10, 2014

GLAY LASHAWN KIMBLE, #140538, Plaintiff,
v.
MICHELLE AUTREY, [1] MEDICAL SUPERVISOR AT WCDC, Defendant.

MEMORANDUM OPINION

DEBORAH K. CHASANOW, District Judge.

On April 16, 2014, self-represented Plaintiff Glay L. Kimble, then housed at the Wicomico County Detention Center ("WCDC"), [2] filed a civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983 seeking money damages and alleging that he has not been provided appropriate psychotropic medications by the contractual health care provider.[3] ECF No. 1.[4] Defendant has filed a Motion to Dismiss or, in the Alternative, for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 13) and Plaintiff has filed an opposition response thereto. ECF No. 15. No hearing is needed to resolve the issues raised in the Complaint. See Local Rule 105.6 (D. Md. 2014).

Preliminary Matter

The crux of the Complaint is Plaintiff's allegation that while detained at WCDC he was denied the appropriate medication for mental illness. Once a party's competency has been brought to the court's attention, it is required to consider and decide the issue. See Seibels, Bruce & Co. v. Nicke, 168 F.R.D. 542, 543 (M.D. N.C. 1996). While Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 17(c)(2) allows the court to appoint a guardian ad litem, it does not compel it to do so, but rather grants it considerable discretion to issue an "appropriate order" to protect the interests of an unrepresented incompetent litigant.

Plaintiff is no stranger to Maryland's criminal courts; his history of arrests and convictions dates back to the late 1990s.[5] In December of 2013, he was charged in the Circuit Court for Wicomico County in Criminal Case No. 22K1400141 with armed robbery, first-degree assault, and theft under $1, 000, and held pending trial at the WCDC.[6] He pleaded guilty to the theft on May 9, 2014, but received no sentence. He was thereafter released from custody and on May 17, 2014, notified the Clerk that he had moved to Salisbury, Maryland. ECF No. 6. Given Plaintiff's apparent ability to fully articulate his case, there is no requirement under Rule 17(c)(2) for appointment of a guardian to pursue the claim presented.

Standard of Review

Defendant has moved to dismiss or, in the alternative, for summary judgment. "The purpose of a Rule 12(b)(6) motion [to dismiss] is to test the sufficiency of a complaint.'"[7] McBurney v. Cuccinelli, 616 F.3d 393, 408 (4th Cir. 2010) (citation omitted). A Rule 12(b)(6) motion constitutes an assertion by the defendant that, even if the facts that plaintiff alleges are true, the complaint fails, as a matter of law, "to state a claim upon which relief can be granted." Fed R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6). Therefore, in considering a motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6), a court must "accept[] as true the well-pled facts in the complaint and view[] them in the light most favorable to the plaintiff." Brockington v. Boykins, 637 F.3d 503, 505 (4th Cir. 2011) (citation omitted).

Ordinarily, a court cannot consider matters outside the pleadings or resolve factual disputes when ruling on a Rule 12(b)(6) motion. See Bosiger v. U.S. Airways, 510 F.3d 442, 450 (4th Cir. 2007). If the court does consider matters outside the pleadings, "the motion must be treated as one for summary judgment under Rule 56, " and "[a]ll parties must be given a reasonable opportunity to present all the material that is pertinent to the motion." Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(d); see also Finley Lines Joint Protective Bd. Unit 200 v. Norfolk S. Corp., 109 F.3d 993, 997 (4th Cir. 1997) ("[A] Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss supported by extraneous materials cannot be regarded as one for summary judgment until the district court acts to convert the motion by indicating that it will not exclude from its consideration of the motion the supporting extraneous materials."). This court deems it appropriate to consider the extraneous materials, as they are likely to facilitate disposition of this case. Accordingly, Defendant Autrey's motion shall be treated as a motion for summary judgment.

Rule 56(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that the "court shall grant summary judgment if the movant shows that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(a). The Supreme Court has clarified that this does not mean that any factual dispute will defeat the motion. "By its very terms, this standard provides that the mere existence of some alleged factual dispute between the parties will not defeat an otherwise properly supported motion for summary judgment; the requirement is that there be no genuine issue of material fact." Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 247-48 (1986) (emphasis in original).

"A party opposing a properly supported motion for summary judgment may not rest upon the mere allegations or denials of [his] pleadings, ' but rather must set forth specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue for trial.'" Bouchat v. Baltimore Ravens Football Club, Inc., 346 F.3d 514, 522 (4th Cir. 2003) (alteration in original) (quoting Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(e)). The court must "view the evidence in the light most favorable to... the nonmovant, and draw all reasonable inferences in her favor without weighing the evidence or assessing the witnesses' credibility." Dennis v. Columbia Colleton Med. Ctr., Inc., 290 F.3d 639, 645 (4th Cir. 2002). At the same time, the court also must abide by the "affirmative obligation of the trial judge to prevent factually unsupported claims and defenses from proceeding to trial." Bouchat, 346 F.3d at 526 (quoting Drewitt v. Pratt, 999 F.2d 774, 778-79 (4th Cir. 1993)) (internal quotation marks omitted) (citing Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323-24 (1986)). This case shall be analyzed in light of this standard of review.

Background

Plaintiff indicates he spent five months at WCDC pending trial. ECF No. 15, p. 1. He states that Dr. Polite[8] refused to provide him with the medications he received during an earlier period of incarceration to treat his schizophrenia and bipolar disorder because of the cost of the medications. Id. Although provided alternative medications, [9] Plaintiff claims the drugs were ineffective and that as a result, he frequently got "in trouble" and "was constantly going to the Captain's office." Id. He also complains that it took "some time" for WCDC to schedule him to see mental health professionals, and that as a result he began to hear voices and become paranoid. ECF No. 1, p. 3.

Plaintiff provides no specific allegation against Defendant Autrey; it appears he named her in his lawsuit based on her role as the Health Services Administrator ("HSA") for Conmed at WCDC. In her affidavit, Defendant Autry avers that her responsibility as HSA includes the maintenance of medical records. She also indicates that it is within the scope of Conmed's business to seek records related to prior care in order to verify diagnoses and medications as well as previous care provided to WCDC prisoners. ECF No. 13-3, pp. 1-2.

The records provided indicate that on February 25, 2014, Conmed personnel obtained Plaintiff's authorization to release his mental health records from his previous place of confinement, Coastal State Prison.[10] The records were received on March 3, 2014, and revealed that Plaintiff was diagnosed with several psychiatric disorders[11] between April of 2010 and September of 2013, [12] for which he was prescribed Cogentin, Geodon[13] and Risperdal.[14] Although the medical record is undated, it appears that after receiving the Georgia medical records, Conmed personnel met with Plaintiff, who indicated he felt paranoid due to his current environment and had experienced hallucinations but did not hear "command ...


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