United States District Court, D. Maryland, Southern Division
November 7, 2014
OLHAUSEN BILLIARD MANUFACTURING, INC., Plaintiff,
AVERITT EXPRESS, INC., Defendant.
GEORGE JARROD HAZEL, District Judge.
On or about August 11, 2014, Plaintiff Olhausen Billiard Manufacturing, Inc. ("Plaintiff") filed a complaint against Averitt Express, Inc. ("Defendant") in the District Court for Montgomery County. See ECF No. 2. Defendant removed the case to this Court on September 30, 2014. See ECF No. 1. After granting Defendant's Motion for a More Definite Statement ( see ECF No. 15), Plaintiff filed an amended complaint ( see ECF No. 20). Upon review of the amended complaint, it is clear that the Court does not have subject matter jurisdiction over this matter. The Court therefore REMANDS this case, sua sponte, to the District Court for Montgomery County for further proceedings.
"Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction and possess only that power authorized by Constitution and statute, which is not to be expanded by judicial decree." Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Ins. Co. of Am., 511 U.S. 375, 377 (1994) (citations omitted). There is no presumption that a federal court has jurisdiction. See Pinkley, Inc. v. City of Frederick, 191 F.3d 394, 399 (4th Cir. 1999). Therefore, "[i]f at any time before final judgment it appears that the district court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, the case shall be remanded..." 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c). Such a remand order may be issued sua sponte. See Crawford v. Mokhtari, 842 F.Supp. 840, 843 (D. Md.) aff'd, 30 F.3d 129 (4th Cir. 1994) ("The Court, moreover, has an obligation to act sua sponte with regard to the propriety of such jurisdiction."); see also Ellenburg v. Spartan Motors Chassis, Inc., 519 F.3d 192, 196 (4th Cir. 2008) ("a remand order based on a lack of subject matter jurisdiction, whether sua sponte or not, falls within the scope of § 1447(c) and therefore is not reviewable by a court of appeals"). Here, the Court has determined that it does not have subject matter jurisdiction over this action. The case must therefore be remanded to the District Court for Montgomery County
Defendant removed this case under 28 U.S.C § 1445 (b) claiming that this Court has jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C §1337 (a). Neither of these statutes is applicable. First, the Court does not have jurisdiction under §1337 (a), which provides, in relevant part, that the "district courts  have original jurisdiction of any civil action or proceeding arising under any Act of Congress regulating commerce or protecting trade and commerce against restraints and monopolies...." 28 U.S.C §1337 (a) (emphasis added). Here, Plaintiff's amended complaint does not involve claims "arising under any Act of Congress." Instead, Plaintiff's amended complaint involves claims for breach of contract and negligence, which do not trigger jurisdiction under § 1337(a).
Additionally, removal under 28 U.S.C § 1445 (b) was improper. Section 1445 (b) provides that a "civil action in any State court against a carrier or its receivers or trustees to recover damages for delay, loss, or injury of shipments, arising under section 11706 or 14706 of title 49, may not be removed to any district court of the United States unless the matter in controversy exceeds $10, 000, exclusive of interest and costs. " 28 U.S.C § 1445 (b) (emphasis added). Even if this case arose under 49 U.S.C. §§ 11706 or 14706 (and it does not), the amount in controversy - $7, 276.23 ( see ECF No. 20 at 2) - does not exceed $10, 000, making this case non-removable under § 1445 (b). Removal of this case was therefore improper. As such, the Court orders that this case be remanded to the District Court for Montgomery County for want of subject matter jurisdiction.