Argued January 30, 2014.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina, at Greensboro. (1:12-cr-00093-CCE-1). Catherine C. Eagles, District Judge.
John Archibald Dusenbury, Jr., OFFICE OF THE FEDERAL PUBLIC DEFENDER, Greensboro, North Carolina, for Appellant.
Michael A. DeFranco, OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES ATTORNEY, Greensboro, North Carolina, for Appellee.
Louis C. Allen, Federal
Public Defender, OFFICE OF THE FEDERAL PUBLIC DEFENDER, Greensboro, North
Carolina, for Appellant.
Ripley Rand, United States Attorney, OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES ATTORNEY, Greensboro, North Carolina, for Appellee.
Before MOTZ and THACKER, Circuit Judges, and DAVIS, Senior Circuit Judge.
The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects individuals from unreasonable searches and seizures: " The right of the people to be secure . . . against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated[.]" U.S. Const. amend. IV. A search can be " unreasonable" in a variety of ways, but, quintessentially, a search is " unreasonable" if it is unsupported by probable cause, that is, where the known facts and circumstances are insufficient to warrant a person of reasonable prudence in the belief that contraband or evidence of a crime will be found. Ornelas v. United States, 517 U.S. 690, 696, 116 S.Ct. 1657, 134 L.Ed.2d 911 (1996).
Appellant Dawud Ali Saafir entered a conditional guilty plea to one count of being a felon in possession of a firearm. 18 U.S.C. § § 922(g)(1), 924(a)(2). A law enforcement officer located the firearm after conducting a search of Saafir's vehicle during a traffic stop. Saafir challenged ...