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Jackson v. Shearin

United States District Court, D. Maryland

May 22, 2014

ROBERT JACKSON, Plaintiff
v.
BOBBY SHEARIN, et al., Defendants.

MEMORANDUM

WILLIAM D. QUARLES, Jr., District Judge.

Pending is Defendant Bobby Shearin's Motion to Dismiss, or in the alternative Motion for Summary Judgment. ECF No. 13. The Plaintiff has responded.[1] ECF No. 15. Upon review of the papers and exhibits filed, the Court finds an oral hearing in this matter unnecessary. See Local Rule 105.6 (D. Md. 2011). For the reasons stated below, the Defendant's motion will be granted.

Background

On April 4, 2013, the Plaintiff, an inmate presently incarcerated at the Western Correctional Institution, filed a self-represented complaint stating that in October of 2011, while housed within the Division of Corrections, the water pipes burst making toilets and sinks inoperable. The Plaintiff states that he advised Correctional Officers Shubuwe and Walker[2] that he needed water due to a medical condition which required he drink water regularly throughout the day. The Plaintiff states that his requests were ignored. ECF No. 1.

Defendant Shearin indicates that in October of 2011, the Plaintiff was housed at the North Branch Correctional Institution ("NBCI") but that on October 24, 2011, he was housed at the Jessup Correctional Institution ("JCI") due to a scheduled court proceeding. ECF No. 13, Ex. 1-2. On that date, a water main burst, interrupting the water supply to the entire JCI facility and causing damage to the valves and diaphragms. Id. Ex. 1-3. All maintenance staff at JCI were employed to assist in making repairs, beginning in the housing units. Id. The Plaintiff was returned to NBCI on October 25, 2011. Id., Ex. 1-2.

The Plaintiff filed an Administrative Remedy Procedure ("ARP") asserting that while housed at JCI staff failed to provide him with sufficient amounts of drinking water. Id., Ex. 1-4. In his ARP, the Plaintiff claimed to suffer from an unspecified medical condition which required him to "virtually drink water all day long." He stated that he informed two officers that he had a serious medical condition and needed water but the officers refused to address his requests. He did not indicate how he was injured. The ARP investigator reviewed the Plaintiff's medical records and determined that the Plaintiff did not suffer from a serious medical condition which required him to drink water all day. Finding that the ARP lacked in merit, the investigator dismissed it. Id. Plaintiff noted an appeal. Id., Ex. 1-5. The Plaintiff's claims were again investigated and medical personnel interviewed. They indicated that after reviewing the Plaintiff's medical records he did not suffer from a medical condition which required him to consume water all day. The investigation further revealed that during the plumbing crisis at JCI, water was brought to the housing tiers. The Plaintiff's appeal was subsequently dismissed. Id., Ex. 1-5.

The Plaintiff indicates that he has been diagnosed as suffering from renal failure. ECF No. 15, Ex. 1. He further indicates that "one of the specific course of treatment recommended for [him] was that he routinely consume plenty of water." Id., Ex. 1-2.

At the time of the events complained of, Defendant Shearin was the Warden of NBCI and had no authority or control over JCI. ECF No. 13, Ex. 3.

Standard of Review

Summary Judgment is governed by Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(a) which provides that: "The court shall grant summary judgment if the movant shows that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." The Supreme Court has clarified that this does not mean that any factual dispute will defeat the motion, "[b]y its very terms, this standard provides that the mere existence of some alleged factual dispute between the parties will not defeat an otherwise properly supported motion for summary judgment; the requirement is that there be no genuine issue of material fact." Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 247-48 (1986) (emphasis in original).

"The party opposing a properly supported motion for summary judgment may not rest upon the mere allegations or denials of [his] pleadings, ' but rather must set forth specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue for trial.'" Bouchat v. Baltimore Ravens Football Club, Inc., 346 F.3d 514, 525 (4th Cir. 2003) (alteration in original) (quoting Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(e)). The court should "view the evidence in the light most favorable to... the nonmovant, and draw all inferences in her favor without weighing the evidence or assessing the witness' credibility." Dennis v. Columbia Colleton Med. Ctr., Inc., 290 F.3d 639, 644-45 (4th Cir. 2002). The court must, however, also abide by the "affirmative obligation of the trial judge to prevent factually unsupported claims and defenses from proceeding to trial." Bouchat, 346 F.3d at 526 (internal quotation marks omitted) (quoting Drewitt v. Pratt, 999 F.2d 774, 778-79 (4th Cir. 1993), and citing Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323-24 (1986)).

In Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 249 (1986), the Supreme Court explained that in considering a motion for summary judgment, the "judge's function is not himself to weigh the evidence and determine the truth of the matter but to determine whether there is a genuine issue for trial." A dispute about a material fact is genuine "if the evidence is such that a reasonable jury could return a verdict for the nonmoving party." Id. at 248. Thus, "the judge must ask himself not whether he thinks the evidence unmistakably favors one side or the other but whether a fair-minded jury could return a verdict for the [nonmoving party] on the evidence presented." Id. at 252.

The moving party bears the burden of showing that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact. No genuine issue of material fact exists if the nonmoving party fails to make a sufficient showing on an essential element of his or her case as to which he or she would have the burden of proof. See Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322-23 (1986). Therefore, on those issues on which the nonmoving party has the burden of proof, it is his or her responsibility to ...


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