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Martin v. Fields

United States District Court, D. Maryland

February 6, 2014

ERIC MARTIN, et al. Plaintiffs,
v.
MARY D. FIELDS, et al. Defendants.

MEMORANDUM OPINION

WILLIAM CONNELLY, Magistrate Judge.

Plaintiff Eric Martin ("Mr. Martin") brought this action against Defendant Mary D. Fields ("Ms. Fields") and Defendant Peter C. Krauser ("Mr. Krauser") alleging negligence against each Defendant. Mr. Martin alleges Ms. Fields swerved into his lane, struck his vehicle and caused serious, painful and disabling injuries to him. Sometime after Mr. Martin and Ms. Fields pulled off the travel portion of the highway to exchange insurance information, Mr. Krauser allegedly lost control of his vehicle and struck the side of Mr. Martin's vehicle. As a consequence of this collision, Mr. Martin's vehicle was propelled forward and struck Mr. Martin causing serious, painful and disabling injuries. Plaintiff Penny S. Martin ("Ms. Martin"), the wife of Mr. Martin, asserts a loss of consortium claim against Ms. Fields and Mr. Krauser.

The parties consented to proceed before a United States Magistrate Judge for all further proceedings in the case and the entry of a final judgment. See ECF Nos. 25, 27-28. The case thereafter was referred to the undersigned for all further proceedings. See ECF No. 29. Pending before the court and ready for resolution is Ms. Fields' motion for summary judgment (ECF No. 31). Neither the Plaintiffs Mr. Martin and Ms. Martin nor the Defendant Mr. Krauser filed a response in opposition. No hearing is deemed necessary and the court now rules pursuant to Local Rule 105.6 (D. Md. 2011).

BACKGROUND

In Count I of the Complaint Mr. Martin alleges the following:

1. On or about September 21, 2009 at approximately 8:27 p.m., the Plaintiff, Eric Martin in the exercise of due care and caution and in a lawful and prudent manner was operating a motor vehicle in the right lane on Westbound I-70 near mile marker 31.0, located in Hagerstown, Maryland.
2. At the same time, the Defendant, Mary D. Fields, was operating a motor vehicle in the left lane on Westbound I-70 near mile marker 31.0, located in Hagerstown, Maryland.
3. Suddenly, violently and without warning, Defendant Mary D. Fields swerved into the Plaintiff's lane and struck the Plaintiff's vehicle, causing the Plaintiff to sustain serious, painful, disabling and possibly permanent injuries in and about the head, body and limbs.
4. The direct and proximate cause of the collision and the Plaintiff's damages was the negligence of the Defendant, Mary D. Fields in that she: (1) failed to know, observe and comply with the vehicle laws of the State of Maryland, (2) failed to keep her vehicle lawfully under control, (3) failed to avoid striking other vehicles lawfully on the highway, (4) failed to keep a safe and proper lookout for other vehicles, (5) failed to observe the presence and proximity of the Plaintiff's vehicle, (6) failed to travel a safe and reasonable speed, (7) failed in other respects to avoid the collision at issue in this case, and to observe the rights of the Plaintiff who was lawfully on the highway.
5. As a direct result of the collision, the Plaintiff, Eric Martin, suffered serious, painful, disabling and possibly permanent bodily injuries in and about the head, body and limbs and has been caused and will be caused in the future to suffer great physical pain, mental anguish and injuries to his nerves and nervous system, and has been caused and will continue to incur great medical expenses for the care and treatment of his injuries and wounds; has been caused and will continue to be caused to undergo the pain and inconvenience of his injuries; has been caused and will continue to be caused in the future to be precluded from engaging in and attending to his normal employment, activities, duties and pursuits; and has been caused and will continue to be caused in the future to expend great sums of money for other expenses incidental to the damages arising out of the occurrence; has sustained property damage and the Plaintiff was otherwise hurt, injured and damaged, now and in the future indeterminately.
6. Plaintiff further avers that all of the losses, damages and injuries were, are and will be due solely to and by reason of the negligence on the part of the Defendant without any negligence on his part thereunto contributing either directly or indirectly.

ECF No. 2 at 1-3.

JURISDICTION AND VENUE

Subject matter jurisdiction is based on diversity of citizenship pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332. Plaintiffs are residents of Pennsylvania. Defendant Fields is a resident of West Virginia and Defendant Krauser is a resident of Florida. See ECF No. 2 at 1. The amount in controversy exceeds $75, 000, exclusive of interest and costs. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1391 venue is proper in this district because a substantial part of the events or omissions giving rise to the claim occurred in this district.

STANDARD OF REVIEW

A motion for summary judgment will be granted only if there exists no genuine issue as to any material fact and the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(a); Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 250 (1986); Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322 (1986). In other words, if there clearly exist factual issues "that properly can be resolved only by a finder of fact because they may reasonably be resolved in favor of either party, " then summary judgment is inappropriate. Anderson, 477 U.S. at 250; see also Pulliam Inv. Co. v. Cameo Properties, 810 F.2d 1282, 1286 (4th Cir. 1987); Morrison v. Nissan Motor Co., 601 F.2d 139, 141 (4th Cir. 1979); Stevens v. Howard D. Johnson Co., 181 F.2d 390, 394 (4th Cir. 1950). The moving party bears the burden of showing no genuine issue as to any material fact exists. Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(a); Pulliam Inv. Co., 810 F.2d at 1286 (citing Charbonnages de France v. Smith, 597 F.2d 406, 414 (4th Cir. 1979)).

When ruling on a motion for summary judgment, the court must construe the facts alleged in the light most favorable to the party opposing the motion. United States v. Diebold, Inc., 369 U.S. 654, 655 (1962); Gill v. Rollins Protective Servs. Co., 773 F.2d 592, 595 (4th Cir. 1985). A party who bears the burden of proof on a particular claim must factually support each element of his or her claim. "[A] complete failure of proof concerning an essential element... necessarily renders all other facts immaterial." Celotex Corp., 477 U.S. at 323.

On those issues where the nonmoving party will have the burden of proof, it is that party's responsibility to confront the motion for summary judgment with an affidavit or other similar evidence. Anderson, 477 U.S. at 256. However, "[a] mere scintilla of evidence is not enough to create a fact issue.'" Barwick v. Celotex Corp., 736 F.2d 946, 958-59 (4th Cir. 1984) (quoting Seago v. North Carolina Theaters, Inc., 42 F.R.D. 627, 632 (E.D. N.C. 1966), aff'd, 388 F.2d 987 (4th Cir. 1967), cert. denied, 390 U.S. 959 (1968)). There must be "sufficient evidence favoring the non-moving party for a jury to return a verdict for that party. If the evidence is merely colorable, or is not significantly probative, summary judgment may be granted." Anderson, 477 U.S. at 249-50 (citations omitted).

DISCUSSION

Ms. Fields contends no genuine issues of material fact exist and therefore she is entitled to summary judgment as a matter of law. Specifically, Ms. Fields claims the evidence demonstrates Mr. Martin's allegations of causation against Ms. Fields are unsubstantiated.

Mr. Martin was deposed on October 11, 2013. He disclosed there were two collisions on September 21, 2009. The first collision occurred between Mr. Martin's vehicle and Ms. Fields' vehicle. The drivers ultimately pulled off the travel portion of the highway to exchange insurance information. While the two vehicles were off the travel portion of the highway, a second collision occurred between Mr. Krauser's vehicle and Mr. Martin's vehicle.

Mr. Martin testified he was initially traveling behind Ms. Fields' vehicle. Because she was slowing down more and appeared to be swaying in her lane, Mr. Martin decided to pass her vehicle by moving from the right lane to the left lane. As Mr. Martin moved from behind Ms. Fields' vehicle and was traveling beside her vehicle, Ms. Fields' vehicle bumped Mr. Martin's vehicle. The point of impact was the passenger door handle of Mr. Martin's vehicle and the mirror on the driver's side of Ms. Fields' vehicle. In response to a series of questions, Mr. Martin testified about the impact resulting from this collision.

Q: [D]oes that picture fairly show all the damage that was caused to your truck from the contact ...

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