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Attorney Grievance Commission of Maryland v. Vanderslice

Court of Appeals of Maryland

October 21, 2013




Greene, J.

This is a reciprocal discipline action concerning Patrick Edward Vanderslice, ("Vanderslice" or "Respondent"), who was admitted to the Bar of this Court on June 21, 2000, and to the State Bar of Delaware in 1999. On October 12, 2012, the Supreme Court of the State of Delaware suspended Respondent from the practice of law in Delaware for a period of one year. The Supreme Court determined that Vanderslice violated the Delaware Lawyers' Rules of Professional Conduct 1.5(f), [1] 1.15(a) and (b), [2] and 8.4(b), (c), and (d).[3] On December 6, 2012 this Court entered an interim suspension of Respondent's right to practice law in Maryland, pursuant to Rule 16-773(d).[4]

Proceedings began in this Court on December 5, 2012 when the Attorney Grievance Commission ("Petitioner" or "Bar Counsel"), acting pursuant to Rules 16-751(a) (2)[5] and 16-773(b), [6] filed a Petition for Disciplinary or Remedial Action against Vanderslice. Bar Counsel attached to the Petition a certified copy of the Delaware Supreme Court's per curiam opinion and incorporated into the Petition by reference the findings of fact and conclusions of law issued by that court in the Vanderslice case.

The Delaware Supreme Court determined that Respondent intentionally committed theft "eight times over a period of ten months[.]" The misappropriated funds were from the law firm of which he was a partner. Respondent also generated deficiently drafted retainer agreements. He violated Delaware Lawyers' Rules of Professional Conduct 1.5(f), 1.15(a) and (b), and 8.4(b), (c), and (d). Bar Counsel relied upon the Supreme Court's conclusion that Vanderslice violated Rules 1.5(f), 1.15(a) and (b), and 8.4(b), (c), and (d) of the Delaware Lawyers' Rules of Professional Conduct, which correspond to Rules 1.5(f), 1.15(a) and (b), and 8.4(b), (c), and (d) of the Maryland Lawyers' Rules of Professional Conduct ("MLRPC" or "Rule"). Bar Counsel requested that we issue a Show Cause Order.

On December 6, 2012, we issued a Show Cause Order pursuant to Rule 16-773(e).[7]Bar Counsel responded, asked that reciprocal discipline not be imposed, and requested that we order disbarment because of the existence of "exceptional circumstances" and because the established conduct "warrants substantially different discipline in this State." In Vanderslice's response to the Show Cause Order, he stated that the Delaware Supreme Court's Opinion in his case speaks for itself, recommended that we impose reciprocal discipline retroactive to October 12, 2012, and requested that no money judgment be entered against him for costs because he has been unemployed since October 24, 2012.

This case was scheduled for oral argument before this Court on September 10, 2013. Respondent failed to appear for oral argument or offer any explanation for his misconduct. On September 10, we issued a per curiam order and disbarred Vanderslice. We now explain our reasons for ordering his disbarment, rather than ordering reciprocal discipline in this case.


In reciprocal discipline cases, pursuant to Rule 16-773(g), we generally treat the factual findings and conclusions of law from the original jurisdiction as conclusive evidence of an attorney's misconduct:

(g) Conclusive effect of adjudication. Except as provided in subsection (e)(1) and (e)(2) of this Rule, a final adjudication in a disciplinary or remedial proceeding by another court, agency, or tribunal that an attorney has been guilty of professional misconduct or is incapacitated is conclusive evidence of that misconduct or incapacity in any proceeding under this Chapter. The introduction of such evidence does not preclude the Commission or Bar Counsel from introducing additional evidence or preclude the attorney from introducing evidence or otherwise showing cause why no discipline or lesser discipline should be imposed.

See also Attorney Grievance Comm'n v. Haas, 412 Md. 536, 546, 988 A.2d 1033, 1038 (2010); Attorney Grievance Comm'n v. Whitehead, 390 Md. 663, 669, 890 A.2d 751, 754 (2006); Attorney Grievance Comm'n v. Scroggs, 387 Md. 238, 249, 874 A.2d 985, 992 (2005). In our review of the Petition for Disciplinary or Remedial Action and the responses to the Show Cause Order, we are guided by Rule 16-773. Pursuant to Rule 16-773(e)(3) and (4), respectively, we do not order reciprocal discipline if there is clear and convincing evidence that either the imposition of corresponding discipline would result in grave injustice, or the conduct established warrants substantially different discipline in this State. Bar Counsel asserts that the facts of this case warrant a more serious sanction than suspension from the practice of law for one year.

Our Rules provide that we "may . . . impose corresponding discipline, " not that we shall impose "identical discipline." See Rule 17-773(f); Attorney Grievance Comm'n v. Gordon, 413 Md. 46, 55-56, 991 A.2d 51, 56 (2010). We analyze each case individually "and decide whether to deviate from the original jurisdiction's sanction[.]" Attorney Grievance Comm'n v. Weiss, 389 Md. 531, 547, 886 A.2d 606, 615 (2005). Although most jurisdictions have the same purpose as we do in attorney discipline cases, "[w]e have recognized that the public interest is served when this Court imposes a sanction which demonstrates to members of the legal profession the type of conduct that will not be tolerated . . . ." Gordon, 413 Md. at 56, 886 A.2d at 57 (quoting Attorney Grievance Comm'n v. Sperling, 380 Md. 180, 191, 884 A.2d 397, 404 (2004)).

When considering an appropriate sanction in a reciprocal case, we must look "not only to the sanction imposed by the other jurisdiction but to our own cases as well. The sanction will depend on the unique facts and circumstances of each case, but with a view toward consistent dispositions for similar misconduct." Weiss, 389 Md. at 548, 886 A.2d at 616. If our cases demonstrate that we would apply a different sanction had the conduct occurred or the case originated in Maryland, we need not follow the original jurisdiction's sanction. Whitehead, 390 Md. at 673, 890 A.2d at 757. Our goal in imposing a sanction in an attorney discipline matter is to protect the public and to deter other lawyers from engaging in similar conduct. Attorney Grievance Comm'n v. Powell, 369 Md. 462, 474-75, 800 A.2d 782, 789 (2002). To reach that goal, we will balance our tendency to follow the original jurisdiction's sanction against our prior cases and the sanctions imposed upon members of this Bar for similar misconduct committed in this State. Attorney Grievance Comm'n v. Katz, 429 Md. 308, 317, 55 A.3d 909, 914 (2012) (quoting Gordon, 413 Md. at 57, 991 A.2d at 57).

In Weiss, we pointed out that "we have become much less lenient towards any misconduct involving theft, misappropriation, fraud, or deceit." Weiss, 389 Md. at 551, 886 A.2d at 617. We have deviated from the original jurisdiction's sanction and imposed a more serious sanction "when the conduct involved is of such a nature that it would not be tolerated from any member of the Bar in this State if the conduct occurred here." Weiss, 389 Md. at 551-52, 886 A.2d at 618. See, e.g., Attorney Grievance Comm'n v. Zodrow, 419 Md. 286, 302, 19 A.3d 381, 391 (2011) (holding that disbarment was the proper sanction in a reciprocal action, even when the Colorado Supreme Court only imposed a one year and one day suspension, because "[t]he purpose of [Rule 16-773(e)] is to ensure that all attorneys of this Bar are subject to similar sanctions for similar misconduct, regardless of whether the misconduct takes place in this State or another jurisdiction"); Attorney Grievance Comm'n v. Beatty, 409 Md. 11, 18, 972 A.2d 840, 843-44 (2009) (holding that "an indefinite suspension would be the appropriate sanction ...

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