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Scott v. Shearin

United States District Court, Fourth Circuit

June 19, 2013

PHILLIP MICHAEL SCOTT, # 348326, Petitioner,


J. FREDERICK MOTZ, District Judge.

In their response to this petition for writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2254, respondents request dismissal of the petition as time-barred. (ECF No. 4). Self-represented petitioner Phillip Michael Scott has filed a reply. (ECF No. 6).[1]1 The matter is ripe for disposition, and the court now rules pursuant to Local Rule 105.6 (D. Md. 2011), as a hearing is deemed unnecessary.


A one-year statute of limitations applies to habeas petitions in non-capital cases for a person convicted in a state court. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d); Wall v. Kholi, 131 S.Ct. 1278, 1283 (2011).[2] This one-year period is tolled while properly filed post-conviction proceedings are pending and may otherwise be equitably tolled. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(2); Harris v. Hutchinson, 209 F.3d 325, 328 (4th Cir. 2000). A petitioner is entitled to equitable tolling only if he shows "(1) that he has been pursuing his rights diligently, and (2) that some extraordinary circumstance stood in his way and prevented timely filing." Holland v. Florida, 130 S.Ct. 2549, 2562 (2010) (quoting Pace v. DiGuglielmo, 544 U.S. 408, 418 (2005).


Scott is challenging his 2007 conviction pursuant to a guilty plea entered in the Circuit Court for Baltimore County, Maryland, for armed robbery and related offenses. On January 9, 2008, Scott was sentenced to serve a term of 12 years in prison. Scott did not file for leave to appeal the entry of his guilty plea and sentences. Thus, his judgment of conviction became final on February 8, 2008, when the time for filing leave to appeal expired. See Md. Rule 8-204(b) (providing that application for leave to appeal be filed within 30 days after entry of judgment or order from which appeal is sought).

On October 1, 2008, Scott filed a petition for post-conviction relief in the Circuit Court for Baltimore County. He withdrew the petition on April 17, 2009. On September 10, 2010, he filed another post-conviction petition. It was denied by the Circuit Court on June 1, 2011. Scott's application for leave to appeal this ruling was summarily denied by the Court of Special Appeals of Maryland in an unreported opinion filed on July 31, 2012, with the court's mandate issuing on August 31, 2012.

In view of this history, Scott's federal petition for habeas relief, deemed filed on February 27, 2013, [3] is untimely. Scott had no state post-conviction or other collateral review proceedings pending between the following time periods: 1) February 8, 2008, and October 1, 2008 (over seven months); 2) April 17, 2009, and September 10, 2010 (over 16 months); and 3) August 31, 2012, and February 27, 2013 (over five months). These time periods combined far exceed one year.

Scott attributes the untimely filing of his federal petition to his post-conviction counsel. (ECF No. 6). Scott states that after his filed his petition for state post-conviction relief on October 1, 2008, he withdrew his petition on April 17, 2009, "at the behest of counsel...." because counsel wanted to file a "supplement" to the petition. (ECF No. 6 at 2). Scott avers counsel told him she filed the "supplement in May 2009 only thirty days after it [the petition] had been withdrawn and was waiting for a hearing date." Id. Scott states he discovered when filing the instant federal petition that "counsel had not filed the post-conviction supplement as she had claimed."

Scott fails to provide any evidence to corroborate his conclusory allegations that post-conviction counsel encouraged him to withdraw his petition and filed the promised "supplement" several months after purportedly assuring him the "supplement" had been filed at an earlier date.[4] Further, Scott fails to demonstrate diligent pursuit of his rights during the some sixteen months between withdrawal of his post-conviction petition and its refiling. Lastly, assuming arguendo that the delay Scott attributes to post-conviction counsel between April 17, 2009 and September 10, 2010, amounted to an extraordinary circumstance which stood in his way to prevent timely filing of his federal petition, the remaining aggregate period of untolled time is still over twelve months (February 8, 2008, through October 1, 2008 and August 31, 2012, through February 27, 2013). Consequently, the court will dismiss the petition as untimely by separate order to follow.


Under the amendments to Rule 11(a) of the Rules Governing Proceedings under Section 2254 "the district court must issue or deny a certificate of appealability when it enters a final order adverse to the applicant... If the court issues a certificate, the court must state the specific issue or issues that satisfy the showing required by 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2)." In Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473 (2000), the Supreme Court held that "[w]hen the district court denies a habeas petition on procedural grounds without reaching the prisoner's underlying constitutional claim, a COA [certificate of appealability] should issue when the prisoner shows, at least, that... jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the district court was correct in its procedural ruling." Slack, 529 U.S. at 484. Scott does not satisfy this standard, and the court declines to issue a certificate of appealability.


For these reasons, the court will dismiss the petition as untimely filed and shall decline to issue a certificate of ...

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