Henderson, Hammond, Prescott, Horney and Marbury, JJ.
Herbert Andrew Thompson, the applicant, was convicted of first degree murder and rape in March 1962, in the Criminal Court of Baltimore (we affirmed, Thompson v. State, 230 Md. 113), and thereafter he filed a petition under the Uniform Post Conviction Procedure Act, assigning what appears to be two grounds for relief.
First, Thompson urges that his confession (which actually was an admission, being exculpatory as to guilt) was made while he was illegally held by the police and, therefore, it should
not have been introduced into evidence at his trial. The admission was determined at the original trial to have been made voluntarily and Thompson did not contest that determination or its admission into evidence when he appealed. Passing the point that this would appear to have been a clear waiver under Code (1963 Supp.), Art. 27, sec. 645A (a), and assuming that his arrest was illegal (and it would appear that it was not), a voluntary confession given during detention after an illegal arrest may properly be received into evidence. Peal v. State, 232 Md. 329; Stewart v. State, 232 Md. 318; Prescoe v. State, 231 Md. 486.
Thompson next asserts that he should have been provided with counsel during preliminary proceedings before a magistrate. Since he pleaded not guilty before the magistrate, the holding of White v. Maryland, 373 U.S. 59, does not apply. We discussed the same contention at some length in Arrington v. Warden, 232 Md. 672, 674, and concluded that in White "the mere absence of counsel at the preliminary hearing would not have required reversal, except for the fact that the guilty plea had an effect upon the subsequent course of the trial," and "the fact that the accused entered a plea of not guilty * * * could have had no more effect than if no preliminary hearing had been held." See also Lumpkin v. Director, 233 Md. 606.